Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Student of Knowledge Management, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 PhD Student of Information Science and Knowledge, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran




Purpose: Explain the nature and process of digital transformation.

Methodology: This paper is based on a structured literature review (SLR) and is searched from scientific sites and specialized resources. One roadmap model, six maturity assessment models, three digital business model transformation approaches and eight digital transformation frameworks are explained interpretively.

Findings: No digital transformation is only technological, it is organizational and requires its own planning, resources and rules. Staff capital and its empowerment by knowledge and fundamental requirements are important for success in the digital transformation program. Transformation in culture, in structure, in processes and methods, along with the benefits of the frontier technologies, will lead to a dramatic transformation in the field of business.

Results: Digital transformation has affected the work processes of individuals in organizational environments. New methods in combining digital innovations and intensifying inter-organizational collaboration are among the key features of success. Because the goal of digital transformation is a business transformation, it requires different organizational elements, which are explained in the frameworks, to work together.


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