Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate in Public Management, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Public Management, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

3 Department of Public Management, Bandar Anzali Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Anzali, Iran


purpose: The purpose of this research is to provide a model of transparency in the Islamic Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran (with the approach of digital governance in the context of information technology).

Method: The type of research is based on the fundamental objective, which is a mixed approach (qualitative and quantitative) with an exploratory design. In this article, only the qualitative part is mentioned.

in the qualitative part with a phenomenological approach, the seven-step theoretical method of Kleizeri and the Delphi technique have been used. The statistical population of this research in the qualitative part includes experts in the field of transparency, whose number is 24 people. The data collection tool of this research was conducted in the qualitative part through individual, in-depth, semi-structured interviews, and then the data was processed.

Findings: The model of transparency in the Majlis of the Islamic Council of Iran consists of five main categories, which are: informational, financial, supervisory and accountable, ethical and professional, which not only achieved the dimensions of transparency in the Islamic Council, but also the factors affecting the establishment The success of transparency, the consequences of establishing transparency, the obstacles to establishing transparency, as well as possible damages in the Islamic Council in case transparency is not established will also be discussed.


Abdul Hosseinzadeh , M. and Sanai ,M. (2014). "Explaining the concept and application of transparency in the field of governance and administration of government affairs", the first national conference on public administration of Iran: public policy, pp. 1-9. .[In persian].
 Abdul Hosseinzadeh, M.( 2019). "Explaining the concept of transparency and its application in the field of governance and administration of government affairs" Quarterly magazine of strategic and macro politics, 8(2) : 178-206. .[In persian].
Ameri , Z. (2014). "Political control over power and its use through the people in Iran's legal system", Sepehr Tishat, second year, number 3, spring 2014, pp. 115-174. .[In persian].
Anwar, S.(2018)."Ranking Countries for Good Governance Using Public Opinion Surveys" The Brookings Institution, November 2018, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-62707-6_18. .[In persian].
Arabi, S. M.; Budlai, H.( 2012), Phenomenological Research Strategy, Scientific and Research Quarterly of Humanities Methodology, Q17, No. 68, 1390.[In persian].
Aryan,V.; Ghasemi , A.; Moinifar, Y., (2016)."Policy recommendations of obstacles to the realization of good governance in the administration of public affairs (case study: governorship and municipality of Minodasht city)" Strategic Public Policy Studies Quarterly, 7( 25) : 113-133. .[In persian].
Boelen, CH.; Woollard, B.( 2019)." Social accountability and accreditation: a new frontier for educational institutions" Medical Education, 43(9) :234-251
Dihimpur , M.(2018 )."Effect of organizational transparency on controversy management - result with the mediation of social capital" Scientific Quarterly Journal of Management Studies (Improvement and Transformation), 28th year, No. 94, winter 98, pp. 39-62. .[In persian].
Faizabadi , H., Ala'i , S.( 2017). "The effect of organizational transparency on administrative corruption with the mutual effects of organizational trust in medical centers of Tehran municipality", Health and Treatment Management (Health System), 9(3): 47-54. .[In persian].
FOX, J. A.  (2015). "Social Accountability: What Does the Evidence Really Say?" World Development ,Vol. 72, Pp. 346–361
Grosmana ,A; Leiponen,A.( 2018). "Organizational Transparency and Power in Firm Ownership Networks" Journal of Comparative Economics, 46(4) : 1158-1177.
Guide, F. ; Alipour, E ; Dehdar, H; and Khalili; H. (2018). "The framework of the relationship between the government and the people in Iran: an institutional approach", Iranian Public Administration Quarterly, University of Tehran, pp. 3-9.
Guide, F.; Bayatichashtri, T.; Tahirpur , H.; Manourian, A.( 2016 )."Responsiveness in the public policy network" Development Management Process, 30( 4): pp. 35-68.
Heydari Sarban, A and Vakil,M. (2016). "Evaluation of the role of organizational transparency in the development of social capital (case study: municipalities in the west of Mazandaran)", Social Capital Management, 4(2): 284-289.
Ibini, E.; Izims, T.( 2020). "Effect of Organizational Transparency on Organizational Performance: A Survey of Insurance Companies in Lagos State Nigeria" Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, 26(4): 52-62, .[In persian].
 Imami , M.;Shakri, H.( 2015). "Good Governance and the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran", Research Journal of Comparative Law,1(2): 27-75. .[In persian].
Jashar i,M ; Pepaj,I.( 2018). " The Role of the Principle of Transparency and Accountability in Public Administration" Acta Universitatis Danubius, 10(1): 60-69.
Karimi , Sh. and Zahorferande, J.( 2017). "Investigation of educational program needs of general practitioners for social accountability based on structural equation model" Journal of Education Development in Medical Sciences, 11( 23): 45-77. .[In persian].
Lee, Y and  Queenie Li, J-Y. ( 2021) "The Role of Communication Transparency and Organizational Trust in Publics' Perceptions, Attitudes and Social Distancing Behaviour: A Case Study of The Covid-19 Outbreak" Wiley Original Article, Doi: 10.1111/1468-5973.12354.
Mulgan, R.( 2012)."Transparency and Public Sector Performance" Report Prepared for The Australia And New Zealand School of Government, July 2012.Creativecommons. Org/Licenses/By/3.0/.
 Pirannejad , C. And et al.( 2013). "The role of transparency and free access to information in preventing and fighting economic corruption", empowering governance and society.
 Pronoun, A. H.; Nasiri Hamed, R.( 2011) "Desirable governance and the role of transparency in its realization" Journal of Social Sciences, Spring 1389, 173-244.
Qamoshi , Z.;Ezzati, M.; Mohseni Mehr, Z.( 2018)."The role of faculty members' professional ethics in organizational transparency (case study: Imam Khomeini University (RA))" Higher Education Journal, 12th year, No. 48, pp. 37-64. .[In persian].
Sepharnia , R.; Al Barzi, M. ; Kermanshah, A.; Azar; A.; Sepharnia, R.( 2018). "Creative model of transparency of good governance for policy-making organizations in Iran" scientific journal of innovation and creativity in human sciences, 9(1) :77-102. .[In persian].
Soltaninejad , A. and Guderzi , M.( 2016). "Transparency of documents and the right to free access to information", Ganjineh Esna Quarterly: 23rd Year, Volume I, (Spring 2016), pp. 116-134. .[In persian].