Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Candidate, Department of Communication Science, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Communication Science, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran(Corresponding Author)

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Social Science, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran



The spread of consumption in this day and age has gone so far that today it is considered an indicator of lifestyle and even some find modern life without consumption meaningless and unthinkable. In this regard, since the consumption of smuggled cosmetics in West Azerbaijan province has an increasing trend, so in this study, the communicative and social determinants and factors affecting the consumption of smuggled cosmetics in West Azerbaijan province are investigated. The research method is survey and the statistical population includes citizens over 15 in West Azerbaijan province, 674 of whom have been selected by multi-stage cluster sampling. Data was collected using a questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS and Lisrel software. The findings showed that the consumption of smuggled cosmetics and toiletry products is more than average among the respondents and the use of domestic media is less than average and the use of foreign and virtual media is above average. The results of explanatory analyzes in the quantitative phase of the research showed that the variables of gender (in favor of women), socio-economic status (in a positive direction), rate of using internal media (in a negative direction), rate of using external media (in a positive direction), The use of virtual media (in a positive direction), health literacy (in a negative direction) and tendency towards differentiation (in a positive direction) have a significant impact on the consumption of smuggled cosmetics and toiletries. It is explained that the impact of foreign and virtual media is greater than other variables.


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