Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student in Public Management, Human Resources, Gheshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gheshm, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Management, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University , Bandar Abbas, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Management, Gheshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gheshm , Iran.

4 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University , Bandar Abbas, Iran


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the diagnosis of employees' mental absence and to provide a suitable model for the Iranian Tobacco Company.
Method: This research was conducted with a qualitative-inductive approach and the method of Strauss-Corbin's grounded theory. The research tool (data collection) is a semi-structured interview that analyzes the data obtained from interviews with 10 qualified elites and experts of the Iranian Tobacco Company in three stages of open, axial, and selective coding in ATLAS TI software using the grounded theory method.
Findings: 13 general categories in the form of a paradigm model in which these factors include causal conditions (individual factors; factors of group behavior; organizational factors; environmental factors), axial phenomenon (diagnosis of the mental absence of employees), contextual conditions (environmental and physical context), intervening conditions (individual factors ), and strategies (organizational strategy; job-related strategy; career development strategy), and consequences (individual outcomes; effectiveness; group outcomes) were identified.
Conclusion: In a business environment with digital disruption from competitors and customers who have more choices through the availability of digital applications and information, it is important to ensure that organizations can quickly understand and adapt to new information. The need for mindfulness and control of mental absence is a prerequisite for digital transformation.